P4 2 Max
Using Poser 4 to produce characters for use in architectural Max renderings.
Although not specifically designed to do so, it is possible to use Poser4
as a generator for static human models to dress up an architectural rendering in Max. There are other programs and plug-ins
that are made for this, but if you've got Poser already
why not give it a try.
This process may seem complicated at first glance, but like most things,
once you get the hang of it you can get pretty efficient at it.
To make things easier in Max later and be able to break out the various
parts for texturing, we need to make a few naming convention changes in Poser. We will be importing 3 seperate models
into max. The body figure with hair and shoes included,
a pair of pants and a shirt. These will all be Exported/Imported as .obj
files. You need version 2.2 obj I/O plug-in for Max from Habware
Begin by starting poser, select the figure that appears, hit 'delete' and
answer yes to clear the screen. Go to 'Clothing-male' in the libraries pallete and find Biz Shoe ML. Double click it to insert it into
the scene. Under the window, select the second drop down from the left and hi-lite 'Body Parts' as shown above. You'll notice the
shoe has 2 parts, Left Foot and Left Toe. We need to change the names of these parts to avoid having to assign new names for them in
Max. Click on 'Left Foot' to select it.
Go to the screen menu at the top and select 'Object' and then 'Properties'
as shown above.
Type in a new name for the shoe part by clicking in the name box as above.
I use leftbizshoe1 for the left foot part and leftbizshoe2 for the left
toe part. Of course, click OK to exit the box
After you've re-named both parts you'll get a display such as that above.
This makes it easy to find the parts later when imported to Max.
Click on the leftmost drop down under the screen (where it says Figure 1)
and select it. Change the name of the entire figure to read 'Left Biz Shoe' or something similar. This just makes it easier to work with in Poser.
Once you've renamed the parts, you can save the shoe so you don't have to
do this again. Simply pick the sub-catagory list as shown above and pick the library where you'd like to store the newly re-named part (shown
above in 'New Figures). As an alternative, you can click 'Add New Catagory' and make a new
library for your re-named parts such as 'Poser2Max' or whatever.
Once you've chosen your library, click on the Plus sign (shown above) to
add the shoe to your library.
With the shoe you've just re-named still selected, hit delete to clear the
screen and choose the right Biz shoe and perform the same operations using 'Rightbizshoe1' and 'Rightbizshoe2' as names. Also rename
the figure to 'RightBizShoe' and save to the same library
you saved the left one to. When done, delete the right shoe also and get
back to a clear screen.
With the screen cleared, Select the nude P4 man from the figures library
and insert him. Before doing anything else, select a hair style from the hair library and double click to insert it. Once the hair
is inserted, go to prop-properties-and parent the hair to the head by clicking
'Set Parent' as shown above and then............
......select 'Head' by clicking on the word 'head'. It will turn white to
indicate it's selected. Click OK to exit.
Once the hair is parented, you can pose the figure. Pose before doing any
other operations such as shoes and clothes.
Here's our boy with his hair parented and posed in a walking stance.
Go to the library that you saved the renamed shoes in and select one
(right one shown above). Insert it with the 'DOUBLE CHECK MARKS'
at the bottom of the library window. This is important, we want to 'Add A Figure'
not replace a figure. The shoe will come in centered in the world. With the shoe still selected, go to the screen menu at the top and select
The above box will come up, select 'FIGURE 1' to conform the shoe to the
foot. It knows which foot and is totally automatic. OK to exit.
Here's our boy with one shoe on. Note how it now fits the foot.
Do the same process with the other shoe, inserting using the double check
marks and then conforming to 'Figure 1'. You can now also insert the Slacks and Shirt. Remember to use the double
Previously I had renamed the parts of these items also, but it is rather
redundant later on. The shoes are the only components that I've found that need to be renamed.
Here's junior with his clothes, shoes and hair on, posed up and ready to
go to the office.
To export, go to the screen menu-FILE-EXPORT-WAVEFRONT OBJ.
Answer single frame to the box that comes up.
New to Poser 4 is the hierarchy list as shown above. The first model to
export is the figure with hair and shoes.
Uncheck 'Ground' as shown above. Scroll down and you'll see.......
......the continuation of the hierarchy list. UNCHECK dressshirt1 and
menslack so the shirt and pants are not exported. Your file name
may differ depending on what you called them. Click OK to export the base
Go through the file export process again, this time UNCHECK 'Ground' and
'Figure 1' as shown below.
Scrolling down, uncheck the right shoe, the left shoe and the pants, we
only want to export the shirt.
Again, your file name may vary......Make sure you have the shirt checked
Do the same process for the pants, unchecking everything except for the
pants and then export them also.
Open up Max and import the base figure model. Make sure that 'as multiple
objects' is checked.
The figure will come in like this.....
Go to the select objects list and pick the hair as shown above. Apply
texture to it with the material editor.
After putting material on the hair, pop up the select objects list again
and pick the parts of your right shoe as shown above. You see know why it's handy to rename them in poser.
Group the shoe parts and apply a material to them. Do the same with the
left shoe parts, selecting, grouping and texturing.
Select the remaining parts (everything except the hair and 2 shoes).
Open the material editor and select a slot. Pick maps at the bottom of the
window and select diffuse as shown. Click bitmap on the material browser.
Browse to the location of the poser 4 textures files under the directory
you installed poser into.
Pick 'P4 man texture.TIF'.
Apply the texture and here's what you get.
With out moving or scaling anything, import the pants model. Don't ask me
why but I couldn't get this to work if I imported the shirt first! Go figure ;) Make sure you select 'as
single object' this time. Once imported, select the pants and
apply a material. Then import the shirt the same way as a single object
and apply material to it.
Once again, our boy is dressed up and ready to go to work.
Depending on the model you used in poser and the type of clothes you've
applied, you can probably lessen file size by selecting and deleting the body parts that are covered
up. This is also how to clean up spots where the clothing doesn't quite cover up the flesh.
When you're done deleting, select the whole model and group it together.
By default poser exports obj's very, very tiny and in the wrong
orientation for Max. Select the completed model and in the left viewport, rotate around the Z axis 90 degrees as shown.
While the model is still selected, scale the model up 9000% !!! Told you
it was tiny.
This will place the figures height at around 5'10". To check it
construct a box the desired height and compare.
That's it. Save your file with a unique name for later merging into your
Make up a bunch with various poses and clothes and your ready to populate.